Our Lifestyle Can Promote Development of Cancer

Cancer is a broad term that describes the disease when cellular changes cause uncontrolled growth and division of cells. A cell receives instructions to die so that the body can replace it with a new cell that functions better. Cancerous cells lack the components that instruct them to divide and stop dying. As a result, they build up in the body using oxygen and nutrients, which usually nourish other cells.

Cancerous cells can form tumors, impair the immune system, and cause other changes that prevent the body from functioning regularly.

Cancer cells may appear in an area and then spread through lymph nodes. These are groups of immune cells located throughout the body.

According to the WHO, the global cancer burden is estimated at 18.1 million new cases and 9.6 million deaths in 2018. Worldwide, one in 5 men and one in 6 women develop cancer in their lifetime, one in 8 men and one in 11 women. Die of sickness

Many risk factors are responsible for causing cancer. In addition to biological, environmental, and occupational risk factors, lifestyle-related factors also play an important role in the development of various types of cancer.


Lifestyle Factor


Many factors that potentially affect our chance of developing cancer come from our lifestyle and our personal choice. This means that we have some control over overexposure to these factors. Several lifestyle factors responsible for causing cancer are as follows:

Overweight and obesity


Globally, it is estimated that 3.6% of all new cancers in adults are due to excess body weight. Greater body fat has been identified as a possible cause of gallbladder, advanced prostate, and ovarian cancer. There is strong evidence that abdominal obesity increases the risk of colorectal cancer and endometrial cancer and is a potential cause of pancreatic cancer. Adult weight gain has been identified as a possible cause of postmenopausal breast cancer. So, the health benefits of maintaining a healthy weight throughout life are obvious and can have a significant protective effect against cancer.

physical inactivity -


Globally, it is estimated that 135,000 deaths from cancer occur each year due to physical inactivity. Physical activity prevents some cancers and also limits weight gain, which itself is the cause of some cancers.

To reduce the risk of cancer, adults should perform 150 to 300 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity each week, or 75 to 150 minutes of vigorous-intensity physical activity, or both weeks of moderate and vigorous activity. Activity at the upper end of the scale ie 300 minutes of moderate / 150 minutes of vigorous is necessary for unhealthy weight gain and prevention of some cancers. It is recommended to reduce the duration of prolonged sitting and prolonged sitting.

Diet -


Worldwide, it is estimated that 374,000 cancer deaths each year can be attributed to reduced fruit and vegetable intake.

It is recommended to limit the intake of foods with saturated fat, salt, and sugar to a diverse diet of nutritious foods including vegetables, fruits, grains, dairy products, lean meats, fish, and water. Standard dietary guidelines recommend limiting the consumption of meat to five servings of vegetables and two servings of fruits per day and 455 grams of lean meat per week, i.e. 65 grams per day.



Tobacco -


The WHO identifies tobacco use as the largest avoidable risk factor for cancer mortality worldwide and estimates tobacco use as the cause of 1.5 million cancer deaths each year.

Tobacco smoke has an impact on the wider population due to exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke. Third-hand smoke is also at risk. It is a residue of nicotine and other chemicals in tobacco, which clings to clothing, furniture, curtains, walls, bedding, carpets, dust, vehicles, and other surfaces when smoking stops. From these surfaces, people touch contaminated surfaces or breathe in off-gasping.

Quitting smoking reduces the risk of lung and other major cancers. Five years after quitting smoking, the risk of cancer of the mouth, throat, esophagus, and bladder is halved and after 10 years the risk of dying from lung cancer is halved.

Quitting smoking can contribute to both short and long-term improvements in health, including improvements in heart and blood pressure, improvements in circulation and lung function, and reducing the risk of coronary heart disease and stroke. The WHO reports that people of all ages, who have already developed health problems related to smoking, may also benefit from quitting smoking.

Alcohol -


The WHO has estimated that additional alcohol consumption is responsible for 351,000 cancer deaths internationally each year. The increased risk of cancer begins at low levels and increases with high levels of alcoholism. When taken together, tobacco smoking and alcohol interact synergistically to increase the incidence of cancer of the upper gastrointestinal tract. Generally, it is considered safe for men to drink no more than two drinks a day and for women, it is limited to drink one a day.

UV radiation -


According to the WHO, there were 65,000 melanoma-related deaths internationally in 2000. There is strong evidence that UV-emitting tanning devices (Solaria) cause melanoma of the skin and eye and are positively associated with squamous cell skin immunome. Increased melanoma risk is associated with the use of Solaria before the age of 30. There is a need for further changes to our approach to reduce UV exposure and promote the use of sunscreen.

Infection -


Globally, an estimated 16.1% of new cancers are responsible for the infection. Estimates, however, vary greatly between regions. According to the World Cancer Report 2008, human papillomavirus, Helicobacter pylori, and hepatitis B and C viruses have been identified as major infectious agents internationally accounting for 6.1%, 5.4%, and 4.3% of all cancer cases, respectively. Do accounting. They together cause 1.9 million cancer cases worldwide.

Therefore, taking adequate preventive measures will go a long way in preventing the development of many cancers.

Bottom-line -


It has been observed worldwide that the incidence of all types of cancer is continuously increasing, due to which a large number of risk factors are responsible. Despite all other risk factors, our lifestyle is responsible for the development of many types of cancer. It is worth knowing that most of our lifestyle factors are variable. By modifying them appropriately, we can prevent the development of many cancers.




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